Home > Traeger Recipes > Easy Traeger Smoked Chuck Roast – The Poor Man’s Brisket

Easy Traeger Smoked Chuck Roast – The Poor Man’s Brisket

By Chef Devan


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Hand’s down, the most delicious recipe I’ve made on my Traeger is this smoked chuck roast, a.k.a the poor man’s brisket.

Beautifully tender brisket-like slices of beef with a gorgeous pink smoke ring and a special beef dry rub I guarantee you’ve never seen before.

The best part? Chuck roast is even cheaper than brisket!

I couldn’t be happier with how this turned out and I really hope you get a chance to try this one.

Big thanks to BBQ ChampionTuffy Stone for sharing his competition brisket recipe which this recipe is adapted from.

A close up shot of the poor mans brisket on a cutting board with a fork and spice rub in the background.

What is a Poor Man’s Brisket?

Poor man’s brisket is exactly what you’d imagine – a cheaper alternative to the expensive increasingly popular beef brisket.

So what’s the alternative? Chuck roast.

A good chuck roast has just as much flavour as any good brisket as the muscle is located beside the brisket.

A diagram showing where chuck and brisket are on the cow.
Chuck roast makes a great alternative to brisket. The closer the meat is to the back of the cow, the more tender it will be.

I’ve always been a huge fan of the chuck cut. Especially when you have a well-marbled cut of meat because it’s packed with flavour.

How to Choose the Right Cut of Chuck

Chuck roast is one of my top cuts because it’s low in cost, has great flavour and can still be ultra-tender when cooked right.

However, the “chuck cut” covers a large area of the cow. Not all chuck is created equal as chuck cut closer to the back of the animal will be more tender.

If you’re good friends with a butcher, you can sometimes ask for the cut closest to the 13th rib, which is the best. This is usually reserved for “chuck steaks” or “chuck eye” which are cooked high and fast.

This cut is the most tender piece of the whole chuck and can even be cooked just like a prime rib. Don’t expect it to be as tender as a prime rib but it comes pretty close and is definitely worth it considering the much lower price.

What’s most important when choosing the right cut of chuck, is to look for good marbling in the meat. A higher amount of white fat will keep the meat more tender after cooking and that’s exactly what we need when we’re doing a long smoke.

Leaner cows that are 100% grass-fed may not be the best choice for BBQ because they won’t have enough fat to keep the meat from drying out.

A beautiful autralian black angus chuck roast on the Traeger.
For this special occasion, I went all out and bought an Australian Black Angus Chuck roast. It was phenomenal.

How to Smoke a Poor Man’s Brisket

For this poor man’s brisket, I’m using the Competition Cool Smoke Brisket technique from Tuffy Stone’s Cool Smoke Cookbook. Although I’ve tweaked things around quite a bit to fit my style.

I smoke the chuck roast for about 4 hours at a slightly higher temp of 300°F/150°C instead of the usual 225°F/107°C. This, in combination with an orange juice spray every 30 minutes, builds an incredible bark and I don’t find it necessary to smoke any lower.

I then do the “Texas Crutch”, for about 2 hours or until the meat pulls apart with a fork. I prefer to use a BBQ tray covered with aluminum foil (instead of a paper wrap) because this means I can add a little beef stock to the braise.

This helps to keep the meat extra tender and makes for one AMAZING sauce after cooking.

Then it’s time to rest. The larger the cut of meat, the longer it needs to rest. I left chuck roast to vent (foil just opened on one corner) for 2 hours and it was perfect. After the 2-hour resting, the meat soaked up all the juice on the bottom and was even easier to slice.

To finish, I brushed the meat drippings from the pan on the sliced meat and warmed it up on the Traeger for about 5 minutes. Nothing more.

For the initial tasting, I didn’t even look at the bbq sauce – this meat was so flavourful it needed nothing more.

On the second day, we had leftovers, and I used a tiny bit of bbq sauce to warm it up. Also great!

Pulling apart a tender piece of the chuck roast.

My Dry Beef Rub has a Secret Ingredient

Some places hide their BBQ rubs but not me.

Here’s what I put in my BBQ Beef Rub:

Aleppo Chili: A.k.a Sweet Pul Bieber, this Turkish spice is one of my favourite seasonings. It’s not too hot but has a ton of flavour. It also adds a gorgeous red hue to foods which look fantastic on BBQ foods. Highly recommended, but if you can’t find it then just use more ground paprika.

Ground Urfa Pepper: A.k.a Isot peppers, these black Turkish peppers are great with beef and add a raisin-y, smokey and slightly sour flavour. It’s not a deal-breaker for this recipe but if you do find it, it will add a unique flavour to your chuck roast that you won’t find anywhere else.

Garlic Powder: Garlic powder is great in BBQ because it won’t burn as fresh garlic does. A little goes a long way.

Ground Paprika: This is the base of most BBQ rubs and has a mild but fragrant flavour. Don’t use the expensive smoked paprika for this recipe, as we’ll be adding enough smoke flavour already.

Black Pepper: Simple black pepper is perfect with beef. Avoid buying pre-ground black pepper which is usually pretty flavourless.

White/Brown Sugar: It may seem like a lot of sugar, but keep in mind that this is only added to the outside of the meat. The sugar is not just for the taste, but to add that beautiful “bark” around the meat. If you’re on a keto diet, then omit the sugar and use a light coating of your favourite keto BBQ sauce instead.

Another picture of the poor mans brisket on the smoker.

What’s the Best Wood to Use for a Poor Man’s Brisket?

I don’t get too hung up on the type of wood but it’s always fun to try something new.

My personal favourite is hickory, but apple, oak, maple and pecan are also great with smoked beef.

Mesquite is the strongest and will work with beef, but be careful as some people find this a little too strong.

Do You Prefer Slices or Pulled Beef?

This is something to think about before you begin.

If you’re aiming for brisket-style slices, then you’ll want to keep a close eye on the roast near the end of the cooking. This is especially important when using the Texas crutch method which speeds up the cooking process.

My chuck roast, at 2.7lbs/1.2kg was nearly perfect after 2 hours of braising at 300°F/150°C. I was able to get nice slices, and it was still fork tender.

But if you’re planning on making sandwiches or tacos with this meat, then you can leave the chuck to cook a little longer for more shreddable meat.

Just keep in mind that you can over-cook the meat so watch it like a hawk as you approach the end of the cooking. Nobody wants a mushy chuck roast especially after all that time and money you spent on making this!

The finished chuck roast in tray all sliced up.

Some Serious Chuck Tips

  • You can save pellets by finishing the cooking in your oven (*GASP* – I know some BBQ purists will disagree, but pellets are not cheap around here!) Plus, after four hours of smoking, the chuck roast won’t pick up much more smoke flavour, especially after covering in foil.
  • If your chuck roast contains two separate muscles and is falling apart, you can tie it with some butcher’s twine to keep it intact.
  • Make sure to slice against the grain for the most tender slices.

More Traeger Recipes

Here are a few more ideas to serve with this poor man’s brisket:

Or Some More Solid Traeger Recipes

Poor Mans Brisket FAQ

How long does it take to smoke a chuck roast?

Depends on the temperature. My chuck roast, at 2.7lbs/1.2kg was nearly perfect after a total of 6 hours of smoking with a texas crutch at 300°F/150°C. An unwrapped chuck roast will also take much longer.

How long does it take to smoke a 3lb chuck roast at 225?

A good rule of thumb for chuck beef is about 2 hours per pound. So a 3lb chuck roast will need a total of 6 hours. Keep in mind this doesn’t include the much-needed two-hour resting period.

What temp should I smoke chuck roast to?

Mine hit around 210°F/98.8°C when it was perfectly fork-tender. But it’s always best to use your eyes and hands to gauge the doneness when it comes to smoking meat. If the meat pulls apart with a fork, it’s ready.

A close up shot of the poor mans brisket on a cutting board with a fork and spice rub in the background.
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5 from 40 votes

Easy Traeger Smoked Chuck Roast – The Poor Man’s Brisket

The cheaper, just-as-good alternative to smoked brisket. Enter the poor man's brisket.
Prep Time 8 hours
Cook Time 6 hours
Resting time 2 hours
Total Time 16 hours
Servings 4 people
Cost $30/ 35€


  • 1.3 kg chuck roast look for good marbling
  • 1 tbsp Worchestershire sauce
  • 1 cup orange juice for the spray
  • 1 cup beef stock
  • salt to taste

For the Injection Brine

  • 25 g salt (about 1½ tbsp)
  • 500 ml cold water (about 2 cups)

For the Dry Beef Rub

  • 3 tbsp Aleppo chili powder (24g)
  • 3 tbsp Urfa pepper, ground (24g)
  • 3 tbsp sweet paprika, ground (29g)
  • 1 tbsp garlic powder (10g)
  • ¼ cup white sugar (67g)
  • ¼ cup brown sugar (67g)
  • 1 tsp cracked black pepper (5g)


  • The night before you plan to smoke your chuck roast do this:
    – Trim the chuck of excess fat, but leave a little fat on.
    – Mix the salt and water together for the brine. Inject the brine into the meat with about 6-7 injections.
    – Dry off the meat on the outside and brush with a little bit of Worchestershire sauce.
    – Sprinkle a heavy coating of the dry rub over all sides of the chuck roast.
    – Then sprinkle a generous amount of salt around all sides.
    – Allow to dry in the fridge, uncovered overnight on a resting rack with a tray underneath.
    A close up of the poor mans brisket dried, brined and rubbed overnight on a resting rack.
  • The next day, preheat your pellet smoker to 300°F/150°C.
    Optional: fill a pellet tube smoker halfway and ignite or use the super smoke setting on your pellet smoker.
    Once your pit is hot, move the resting rack with beef onto the smoker. Set a timer for 1 hour.
    The raw chuck roast on the Traeger.
  • After one hour, spray the meat with orange juice. Spray the dryer areas more with the juice. Repeat every 30 minutes until you reach the 4 hours total of smoking time.
    Another picture of the poor mans brisket on the smoker.
  • Once the chuck roast has a nice looking bark, remove it from the smoker and place it in a bbq tray. Add the beef stock to the tray.
    The smoked chuck roast in a tray with beef stock.
  • Cover with aluminum foil and finish on the Traeger (or in your oven) for 1+½ to 2 hours or until fork tender.
    The chuck roast covered in aluminum foil.
  • The chuck roast is ready when it hits around 207°F/97°C or when the meat pulls away easily but doesn't fall apart. You can also use a knife or skewer to test for resistance in the meat – it should slide easily through the meat.
    Once ready, lift off one corner of the aluminum foil and let rest for 1-2 hours.
    Allowing the meat to rest in the foil.
  • After resting, slice the meat with a sharp knife, against the grain. Brush the meat with the dripping at the bottom of the pan and serve directly in the pan. Enjoy!
    Traeger Smoked Chuck Roast – Poor Mans Brisket-20


You can easily reheat the chuck in the aluminum pan with the juices. Re-cover with foil and place back on the Traeger for 5-10 minutes. Leftovers can also be quickly microwaved until hot.
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About Chef Devan

With exceptional talent and passion for gastronomy, Chef Devan has over 15 years of experience across the culinary world, bringing a wealth of experience to the table, even from Michelin-starred restaurants. He's here to help you captivate the senses and delight everyone with easy recipes you could cook at home. Learn more about Braised and Deglazed's Editorial Process.

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